More country-house railways
Welbeck Abbey, basement railway
The two railways at Harlaxton Manor and Stoke Rochford Hall are by no means the only examples of large country houses using rail transport to shift fuel, food, luggage and laundry around the capacious service wings. Belton House [http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/main/w-vh/w-visits/w-findaplace/w-beltonhouse.htm], on the other side of Grantham from Harlaxton and Stoke Rochford (and not included in my 2010 tour), has a hand-propelled railway, installed in the 1930s, connecting the kitchen in the courtyard with the basement of the main house.
Haddon Hall [http://www.haddonhall.co.uk/], near Bakewell in Derbyshire, was made habitable from 1912 onwards by the then Marquis of Granby, later the 9th Duke of Rutland. Bringing the fully-fitted seventeenth-century kitchen into any kind of modern use was impractical, so a new kitchen was constructed in outbuildings a couple of hundred yards away. This is now the tearoom for visitors to Haddon: one end of the cable-operated railway can be seen inside the tearoom entrance; the other is customarily hidden behind a dresser opposite the entrance to the medieval kitchen which forms part of the house tour. The tunnel itself is blocked as a fire-precaution, but interested visitors are invited to ask a room-steward to show the remains of the railway within the medieval kitchen.
Most celebrated of all, but least seen, is the 5th Duke of Portland's rail system in the cellars of Welbeck Abbey, Nottinghamshire. The "burrowing" Duke went to enormous lengths to live his later life out of sight of his servants, visitors and the world at large. The railway, with hand-propelled carts, one of which was heated and served as a grand Victorian predecessor of the 1950s hostess trolley, operated in combination with the technologically up-to-the-minute hydraulic lifts, to streamline domestic freight in the Abbey, and to enable His Grace to order food fast. When in residence he had a standing order for chicken to be roasting twenty-four hours a day, and to avoid speaking to his servants he customarily sent his orders – "I shall only want rice pudding at one" – by means of twin letterboxes on the door of his suite in the west wing.
Welbeck Abbey is not open to the general public.
Welbeck Abbey and Harlaxton Manor feature in Mike Higginbottom's lecture English Country Houses – not quite what they seem. For further details, please click here.
The 40-page, A4 handbook for the 2010 tour Country Houses of Lincolnshire, with text, photographs, maps, a chronology and a reading list, is available for purchase, price £15.00 including postage and packing. It contains chapters on Boothby Pagnell Manor House, Ellys Manor House, Belton House, Grimsthorpe Castle, Fulbeck Hall, Fulbeck Manor, Leadenham House, Harlaxton Manor and Stoke Rochford Hall. To view sample pages click here. Please send a cheque, payable to Mike Higginbottom, to 63 Vivian Road, Sheffield, S5 6WJ.
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